Analysis of Mixed Traffic and Safety Oriented Study in Small Town City of India
Traffic congestion is continuously increasing day by day, especially in large cities, due to rapid urbanization. Traffic overcrowding not only degrades traffic safety and deteriorates traffic operation, but also affects life of road users. One of the reasons of traffic over crowding is mixed traffic situation.
The vehicles are diverse in terms of physical (shape and size) and dynamic characteristics (acceleration, top speed, braking power, etc.). Moreover, since the traffic flow contains different classes of vehicles, then the vehicles move in haphazard manner, as the small vehicles (2W) tend to use the gap created between larger vehicles, in order to decrease their travelling time. This can be seen in contrast to the homogeneous traffic (for example, a traffic stream composed predominantly only of cars), that usually have a high adherence to lane discipline. The traffic in developing nations like India, especially in small town cities is typically a mixed traffic.
The probability of accidents occurrence increases in mixed traffic condition. Although there are many important risk factors for crash involvement, such as alcohol consumption, driver error, speeding, and vehicle design, addressing these factors has not significantly reduced the rate of vehicle accidents. However, helmet use in 2 wheelers and seat belt in 4 wheeler are the most successful method of preventing or reducing injuries resulting from an accident, which can be severe
The purpose of this study is to analyse the mixed traffic and traffic rules followed by drivers. In this study traffic volumes and other related traffic characteristics (e.g. flow composition, flow fluctuations etc.) are analysed. The traffic data were collected in Chhatarpur district (M.P.), a small town in India by counting vehicles manually using Traffic survey Tally chart and using questionnaire. Traffic volume counted for different routes. In this study comparative analysis of traffic volume was done. All kind of vehicles from2 wheeler to buses/trucks manoeuvring on urban arterials of Chhatarpur city. This mixed traffic mainly consist of 2 wheelers i.e. about 55%; though 3 wheeler, cars, trucks also present in significant amount.
Age group wise 2 wheeler use and 4 wheeler use analysis was done. Also age group wise helmet use and seat belt use analysis was done using regression analysis. Results shows that 4 wheelers are generally driven whereas 2 wheelers more driven by youngsters. Although very few youngsters are using helmets and seat belts, which show their ignorance behaviour towards safety.